Hoyle up to Date, The Official Rules of Card Games -Copyright 1911

  • Name Book: The Official Rules of Card Games, Hoyle up to date
  • Author: Edited by F Foster
  • Year: 1911
  • Publisher: The US Playing Card Company
  • Location: Cincinnati, USA

“The Official Rules of Card Games, Hoyle up to date” was published for the first time in 1897. Every several years, it was reprinted with accurate updates of the rules of all well-known card games from that time.

The game rules from the books such as this were certainly considered an authority at that time; specialists were employed to ensure that the rules of all card games mentioned were official and correct.

The Solitaire games were edited and written by Frederick (RF) Foster, well known for his work “Foster’s complete Hoyle; an encyclopedia of games.

Although there were Solitaire games mentioned in all versions of “The Official Rules of Card Games, Hoyle up to date,” it wasn’t until 1911, the 15th edition, that both Klondike and Canfield were added.

Both the games we nowadays call Klondike (including the Vegas Scoring) and Canfield (without a gambling score) are mentioned for the first time and described as follows:

About Klondike (page 237)

“..The player pays 52 counters for the deck and he is paid five counters for every card he gets down in the top foundations. The cards being shuffled and cut, the first is turned face up and laid on the table…”

The rules of the game described in the book correspond to the rules of Klondike as we know it today. The tableau consists of the well-known 7 rows which are divided in a Triangle-like shape. The Aces must be played first to the Foundation and an empty space on the Tableau may only be filled with a King. “..The deck is run through one card at a time, when the pack has been ran through once that ends it…”

There is only one rule, which is currently no longer in use “if there is more than one card in a row (column) of the tableau, ALL must be moved together or not at all.”

Hoyle up to Date, The Official Rules of Card Games -Copyright 1911 about Klondike and Canfield
Copyright: The US Playing Card Company

About Canfield (page 237)

“This differs from Klondike in the layout and in the play. Although the two games are often thought to be the same under different names. In Canfield, after shuffling and cutting, thirteen cards are counted off, face down, and laid to the left, face up.”

The Canfield game is mentioned directly after Klondike; most likely to point out their differences, or their similarities, as both were gambling Solitaires.